Neurofeedback also known as EEG biofeedback, relies on brainwave patterns. The brain releases electrical energy that can be measured as brainwaves. This brainwave activity can then be utilized to indicate how one’s brain is functioning. Neurofeedback is based on neuroscience, the study of the nervous system, and takes into account one’s brain activity along with his or her cognitive and behavioral status.
During neurofeedback, patients learn to improve and strengthen brainwaves that can improve learning, focus, and attentiveness. The training is bi-directional, meaning patients can increase and decrease different brainwaves at the same time. This allows patients to retrain their brain and naturally re-pattern sub-optimal brainwaves into more favorable patterns.
Different training methods such as Z score and LORETA Z score training can be utilized allowing patients to simultaneously train from ten to hundreds of metrics, respectively. Neurofeedback is designed to improve communication across the brain as well as improve the internal “timing” of the brain’s activity.
A QEEG (or quantitative electroencephalogram) is the rst step in neurofeedback treatment. This painless, non-invasive assessment involves placing a cap with sensors on the head and recording 20 minutes of data, both with eyes open and eyes closed. The standard procedure utilizes the International 10-20 system for electrode sensor placement during the QEEG session. These areas have been identi ed as responsible for speci c functions of the brain. Once the data has been collected, it is compared to a normative data base that is both gender and age specific.
This information is utilized to determine how a patient’s brain function compares to a person of the same sex and age by showing areas of over or under-activation (areas that have too much or too little of particular brainwave activity). Based on the QEEG assessment, neurofeedback treatment protocols are created that are unique to each patient.
Difficulty producing speech sounds correctly
Difficulty using or understanding the intonation, fluctuations, and inflections of speech
Experiencing aprosodia, the inability to understand or use the affective aspects of speech
Difficulty understanding or using spoken and/or written language
Difficulty understanding the subtleties of language such as using or identifying emotions, facial expressions, gestures, or body language
Difficulty carrying on conversations
Inability or difficulty paying attention or staying on-task
Decrease in memory function
Increased information processing time or decreased information processing skills
Lack of or decrease in executive functioning skills such as: initiation and completion of tasks, self-regulation, sequencing, organizing, prioritizing, time management, or mental flexibility
Difficulty eating or swallowing liquids or foods