Speech Therapy

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brain x ray mild concussion

Speech-Language Pathology

Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) are responsible for evaluating and treating cognitive-communicative deficits of a TBI. Initially, the SLP will complete a formal evaluation of speech and language, social communication skills, and cognitive/ communicative skills. Following the evaluation, the SLP will develop a treatment and speech therapy plan and provide strategies to target individual deficits.

The cognitive/communicative impairments following a TBI can include deficits in speech, language, social communication, information processing, attention, memory, and swallowing. It is also common to have deficits in executive functioning skills, such as planning and organizing, time management, completing tasks, monitoring and inhibiting behavior and emotions, and prioritizing.

Symptoms include:

  • Difficulty producing speech sounds correctly

  • Difficulty using or understanding the intonation, fluctuations, and inflections of speech

  • Experiencing aprosodia, the inability to understand or use the affective aspects of speech

  • Difficulty understanding or using spoken and/or written language

  • Difficulty understanding the subtleties of language such as using or identifying emotions, facial expressions, gestures, or body language

  • Difficulty carrying on conversations

  • Inability or difficulty paying attention or staying on-task

  • Decrease in memory function

  • Increased information processing time or decreased information processing skills

  • Lack of or decrease in executive functioning skills such as: initiation and completion of tasks, self-regulation, sequencing, organizing, prioritizing, time management, or mental flexibility

  • Difficulty eating or swallowing liquids or foods

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